The High Dam

Aswan High Dam | Egypt Tour Packages

Hagar Asal

Department of Civilization and History

  • 02 Apr, 2024

Building the Aswan Dam

Egypt is a Country of marvel, culture, rich and unique history and is rightfully well known for all of that. Although the monuments of Ancient Egypt of is the most famous among the Egyptian catalogue of astonishing feats such as the Great Giza pyramids The nighty the Great Sphinx is one of the world's largest monuments. It is also one of the most recognizable relics of the ancient Egyptians. Sphinx amongst others, One of the rarely mentioned and more modern accomplishments of Egypt is the Aswan High Dam, a mechanical blessing that is a prime source of both drinking water & Electricity for this great Nation. A manifestation of, resilience, political fennec, and desire to holds one’s fate in his own hand and the birth of a new Egypt we will delve deeper into the Location, history, Interesting Facts, and Effects of the Aswan Dam.

The Aswan Dam

The Aswan high dam is located in the picturesque city of Aswan and has been of significant importance throughout the history of Egypt. Because of the saturation of the Old Dam, which was raised two times after its inauguration, it was decided to build a new dam 6 kilometers to the south. The planning began in 1954 led by Nasser, just after the Egyptian Revolution. When The United States and England refused to finance the project through the Monetary Fund, Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal, which was until that time controlled by Britain and managed by a French company. This caused the War of 56 when the United Kingdom, France and Israel attacked Egypt. The United States obliged the attackers to retreat their troops and Nasser could then use the income of the Suez Canal to finance the project. In 1958, the Soviet Union agreed to help financing and building the Dam. Besides technical and financial support, it offered about 15000 experts and engineers from The Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. The works began in 1960 and were completed on 21 July 1970, The reservoir began filling in 1964 and first reached capacity in 1976. With the beginning of the works, the UNESCO began a massive operation to save the Nubian monuments that would have been lost for ever beneath the waters of the new Nasser Lake.More than 100,000 Egyptian workers, 15,000 Soviet experts, 10 years period and enough rocks to build 17 Great Pyramids at Giza were used in the construction of Aswan High Dam.

The Aswan High Dam

Importance of the Aswan High Dam 
due to the lack of sufficient rainfall, Egypt’s agriculture depends mainly on irrigation. 
Ove the Years the Aswan Dam has Protected Egypt from several drought periods between 1972 to 1973 & 1983 to 1987 that would have been utterly devastating.
Another Vital benefit of the Aswan High Dam is its power Generation. Consisting of twelve generators each rated at 175 megawatts. Totalling at a wapping 2.1 gigawatts it was a main factor & reason for some villages getting electricity for the first time.
The Aswan dam has also benefited the archaeological field and architectural complexes were spared the threat of being flooded 

Facts about the Aswan Dam

In conclusion, Although providing several benefits the Aswan Dam it has not been without some negative effects such as :More than 100,000 Nubians had to abandon their homes. The fertile land of the Nile Valley began to become poorer as the rich silt that normally fertilized the dry desert land during annual floods is now stuck at the bottom of Lake Nasser and Farmers have to use artificial fertilizer as substitutes for natural nutrients.

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